With the “Shell Forces”-component one can retrieve principal or local shell cross section forces. Use the drop-down-list at the bottom of the component to switch between “Principal” and “Local”.
Sometimes it is of interest to know the value of principal normal forces and moments on shells. In such cases the “Shell Forces”-component for principal forces comes in handy. It lists the results in the same order as the “Principal Force Directions on Shells”-component. Thus the element centers returned there can be used in combination with the numeric results.
Distributed normal forces are negative in case of compression. Positive bending moments result in tension on the upper side of a shell. The upper side of a shell element is defined by a positive value of the local Z-axis. When in doubt about the orientation of your shell elements enable the preview of local element axes in the “ModelView”-component (see section 3.6.1). The output-plugs “vx” and “vy” return transverse shear forces along lines parallel to the shells local x- and y-axis.
When setting the result type to “Local” the shell cross section forces in local coordinate directions will be output. See section 3.1.14 on how to change the local coordinate systems of shells.